matthew 12:39 40 commentary

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Matthew 12:39 - But He answered and said to them, 'An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; on StudyLight.org Israel had once been, as it were, the true spouse and bride of Jehovah. What we sometimes neglect is that the gospels also speak about our condition and obligations in ways that make us fear for our security. An evil and adulterous generation. Jesus’ reply is that the only reason that the present generation, who had seen His works (Matthew 11:5; Matthew 11:20-23), could possibly want a sign was because they were ‘evil and adulterous’, that is, because they had made ritual their god and their hearts were set on anything but God, with the result that they were unable to truly judge and weigh up His moral teaching and His life, and recognise that both were from God. 2 Corinthians 11:12, where the meaning is, They wish for an occasion, and no occasion is given them; which resembles what is said here, They seek for a sign, and no sign shall be given them.— ἐπιζητεῖ seeketh in addition) i.e. on StudyLight.org There was, therefore, no proper ground for this annoyance; and they had no other object in view than to appear to have a good reason for rejecting Christ. What does Matthew 25: 35-40 really mean? Matthew 5:38-42, the other cheek and the extra mile 5:38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’ 5:39 But I tell you, don’t resist him who is evil; but whoever strikes you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also. There they had revealed their evil by how they had responded to His casting out of demons. Matthew 12:39. γεμεὰ, a generation) A race of the same age and disposition.— μοιχαλὶς, adulterous) i.e. it is said, When you shall have exalted the Son of man, then you shall know that I am he. For their being ‘evil’ compare Matthew 12:34. It is fairly easy to tell. We expect the gospels, perhaps Luke especially, to reassure us that we find security in Jesus Christ. 39 He answered, “A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a sign! So Jesus warns them that He will only give them one sign, the sign of the prophet Jonah, although, as Mark 8:11-12 brings out, it is not the kind of sign that they are looking for. The Hebrew (Psalm 73:27; Isaiah 57:3 ff. for just as JONAH WAS THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS IN THE BELLY OF THE SEA MONSTER, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. From Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol. The temper of the demand itself was not to be indulged. Matthew 12:39–40 NASB95 - But He answered and… | Biblia 15 iAnd if it is evil in your eyes to serve the Lord, jchoose this day whom you will serve, whether hthe gods your fathers served in the region beyond the River, or kthe gods of the Amorites in whose land you … Jesus will use both these ideas for His signs. The sign of Messiahship, like the Messiah Himself, was the reverse of their expectations: not a sign ‘from heaven,’ but from ‘the heart of the earth.’. They must, however, be interpreted by the context. Matthew 12:39 Context 36 But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. When the disciples began to pluck the heads of grain, in the eyes of the religious leaders they were guilty of: But He answered and said to them, "An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign, there shall no sign be given it but the sign of Jonah the prophet, There shall no sign be given it but the sign of Jonah the prophet, род лукавый и прелюбодейный, Our Lord uniformly rebuked this demand for a, The temper of the demand itself was not to be indulged. Remember: he is speaking to his enemies—those who said he did his miracles by means of Satan’s power. Jesus thus indicates His resurrection, διὰ τὴν ὁμοιότητα, Euth. 1 Corinthians 1:22. Nineveh had recognised such teaching, even from a lesser man, and so had the queen of the south, Gentiles all, and all had responded to it, but the Jews who now had something greater, had not because they were evil and adulterous. These Pharisees represent the great part of the Jewish people, who looked for a temporal Deliverer, showing signs from heaven. ο δε αποκριθεις ειπεν αυτοις γενεα πονηρα και μοιχαλις σημειον επιζητει και σημειον ου δοθησεται αυτη ει μη το σημειον ιωνα του προφητου Your Faithlife account signs you in to all our sites. ἀλλὰ διὰ τὴν τῶν ἄλλων ὠφέλειαν. One great sign would be given, typified in the history of Jonah,—the death and resurrection of Christ. Adulterous — Compare note, Matthew 4:8, and introduction to chap. This time the parallel appears not just in what they will say and do, but in what they will experience in the mission field: rejection, suffering, and for some even death. Since its omission can be explained by reluctance to attribute this ignorance to the Son , the reading that includes it is probably original. (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1896. The adulterous generation was therefore one that was unfaithful to its Lord—demanding a sign, instead of finding sufficient proofs of faithfulness and love in what He had already done. This verse shows us how obscure a “sign” can be One would in due time be given, which would demonstrate his Messiahship; but it would not convince them. viii.) genea. Matthew 12:39-40 King James Version (KJV) 39 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Comp. There shall no sign be given to it.—The words seem at first to place our Lord’s miracles of healing outside the category of signs, and yet it was to these that He referred the messengers of the Baptist as proof that the Christ had indeed come (Matthew 11:5). Zigabenus. 9. So Luke 11:30 seems to take it. Jonah preached repentance to the men of Nineveh as the only way of escape from judgment. Therefore: : it will not be given either by Jesus or by any one else. He who receiveth you, receiveth me . Luke says that they made the request tempting, or making experiments upon him. But with a vile spiritual adultery they were forsaking him, and embracing in their hearts a false Messiah, the incarnation of their own riotous tastes and appetites. The Saturday/Sunday resurrection issue has been a focal point of debate in many circles because of the impact that it could have on the correct day of worship. This passage introduces a second stage of the mission instructions for the twelve which began … Continue reading "Commentary on Matthew 10:24-39" 4. These verses are rooted in Matthew 12:33-37 We can determine which side somebody is on by the fruits of his life. They wanted constant evidences, thereby underlining their unbelief. This is the Messiah that gross human nature ever seeks. Seeks a sign. If a person is on Christ's side, then he will produce Christ-like fruit. Matthew 12:40 What Does Matthew 12:40 Mean? This latter expression is best explained by Jeremiah 3:20, "Surely as a wife treacherously departeth from her husband, so have ye dealt treacherously with me, O house of Israel, saith the Lord." See note on Matthew 11:16. “Let them rest satisfied,” says he, “with this sign, that as Jonah, brought up from the bottom of the sea, preached to the Ninevites, so they will hear the voice of a prophet risen from the dead.” The most of commentators, I am aware, display greater ingenuity in expounding this passage; but as the resemblance between Christ and Jonah does not hold at every point, we must inquire in what respect Christ compares himself to Jonah. How evil and godless. Thus all men and women will be judged by their reaction to that teaching and to the One Who is its source. Our present generation also will be judged by the fact that it has the teaching of Jesus in all its splendour, and yet have refused to acknowledge it in any significant way, and to respond to the One Who gave it. Jesus points to that historic instance and says: Beware! Now he shows us the kind of heavy burdens and hard yokes the religious leaders put upon the people. v, par. Ezekiel 23:37, &c. generation. for on other occasions God manifests that He is not so much displeased on this account. When Jesus heals a man with withered hand, they "conspired against him, how to destroy him" (12:14). Luke says that they made the request. This section is drawn from Mark and Q (cf. Matthew 5:32; and also, by synecdoche, very guilty; see James 4:4.— σημεῖον, a sign) and one too of a certain special kind. Matthew 12:39–40 39 But he answered them, x “ An evil and y adulterous generation seeks for a sign , but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah . род лукавый и прелюбодейный Здесь говорится о духовном блуде – неверности Богу (ср. Matthew just quoted Jesus offering us an easy yoke and a light burden. Matthew 12:39.A wicked generation He does not merely charge that age with malice, but pronounces the Jews—or at least the scribes, and those who resembled them—to be a wicked nation; thus declaring that they labored under a hereditary disease of obstinacy. In the eye of Jesus this class were but the spokesmen of their generation, the exponents of the reigning spirit of unbelief. Hence they were not only an evil, but adulterous generation. ; Ezekiel 23:27, al.) Notice the emphasis in the thrice repeated σημεῖον. ", John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. But none will be given it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. , and introduction to chap. Matthew 12:39-40 KJV But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. I will give no other sign than my death and resurrection, as then, though unwillingly, they will acknowledge me, and people will believe and be converted: so in John (Chap. There shall no sign be given to it. Μοιχαλίς] ὡς ἀφιστάμενοι ἀπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ, Theophylact. Иер.5:7, 8). Released from there after three days, through fervent prayer, he went and preached in Nineveh where there was instant revival, with the people repenting in sackcloth and ashes (a sign of their repentance). One sign and only one, such as they demanded, should be given to those for whom the other notes of Messiahship were insufficient, and that should be the sign of the prophet Jonas. have on the correct day of worship. He declines, knowing it to be vain. Matthew 12:40 gives an entirely different turn to the reference. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Matthew 13:24-30, 36-43 EXEGESIS: MATTHEW 12-13. For the reasons expressed in the preceding paragraph, Jesus called them an evil generation and refused to perform any miracle at that time. “You despise,” he says, “the Son of God, who has come down to you from heaven: but I am yet to die, and to rise from the grave, and to speak to you after my resurrection, as Jonah came from the bottom of the sea to Nineveh.” In this manner our Lord cuts off every pretense for their wicked demands, by threatening that he will be their Prophet after his resurrection, since they do not receive him while clothed with mortal flesh. Israel had once, been, as it were, the true spouse and bride of Jehovah. Featuring the Church Fathers, Catholic Encyclopedia, Summa Theologica and more. Hence they were not only an evil, but. For my own part, leaving the speculations of other men, I think that Christ intends to mark out that single point of resemblance which I have already hinted, that he will be their prophet after that he is risen from the dead. ‘But he answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and there will no sign be given to it apart from the sign of Jonah the prophet,” ’. The principle, ‘If any man wills to do His will, He will know of the teaching, whether it be of God’ (John 7:17), still applies. 40 For z just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish , a so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth . Hezekiah does not ask a sign, and it is offered to him, though unsolicited, (Isaiah 38:7.) For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights .. They had a moblike desire to see splendid shows in the sky, not unlike the excitement of the populace for fireworks on some day of public celebration. But with a vile, they were forsaking him, and embracing in their hearts a false Messiah, the incarnation of their own riotous tastes and appetites. Lk 17:26–27, 34–35; 12:39–40). But for what follows we should have said: the preaching of repentance by Jonah to the Ninevites. Their true spouse now was Jesus, the Jehovah incarnate. If it is an interpolation, it must have become an accepted part of the text before the date of our earliest copies. Matthew 10:40. The Sign of Jonah - But he answered them, "An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. (Menochius), adulterous. Luke is no exception to this. Here in Matthew 12:39-40, the “sign” of Jonah was that he was dead in the fish for three days and three nights, just like Jesus would be dead for three days and nights in the grave. Furthermore it also signified that they were unbelieving and faithless, and that they had forsaken the true God in their hearts, judging Him only in unworthy ways, and refusing to believe unless He did things their way, and continually proved Himself. (39) An evil and adulterous generation.—The true relation between Israel and Jehovah had been represented by the prophets as that of the wife to her husband (Jeremiah 3; Ezekiel 16, 23; Hosea 1, 2). What is referred to? It is one of the ironies of history that the very people who always wanted to see the spectacular, had on the other hand taken God’s living Law and turned it into chains and manacles as a result of its formality and excessive restraint. By following his example, we can find hope and healing during life's hardships and heartaches. 10 We are fools for the sake of Christ, but you are wise in Christ. Here, as in the Old Testament, ‘adulterous’ means unfaithful to God, idolatrous. Here is a big clue from the life of the Apostle Paul Here is a big clue from the life of the Apostle Paul- 1 Cor 4:9 For I [Paul] think that God has exhibited us apostles as last of all, as though sentenced to death, because we have become a spectacle to the world, to angels and to mortals. ἰωνᾶ] which was given in the person of Jonah, John 2:1. Edited by Allan Menzies. Jonah was not the only prophetic preacher of repentance; but, as Nineveh is held up as a reproach to the persons addressed, to single him out was fitting. THE CONTEXT: Chapter 12 seethes with conflict. Er aber gab ihnen zur Antwort: »Ein Zeichen verlangt diese Generation, die doch böse ist und sich von Gott abgewandt hat! "Matthew 10:39, ESV: "Whoever finds his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will find it." Such is the case with Luke 11-13, which … Continue reading "Commentary on Luke 12:32-40" he verse cannot be challenged on critical grounds. Their craving after a sign was a token of the same spirit of apostacy which made them join with heathen idolaters in crucifying Jesus. conceived his sacred relation to God as represented by the figure of marriage, hence idolatry and What a display was this, I do not say of indifference, but of malice, in shutting their eyes against so many signs! This leads to the inquiry, Does Christ address them with such harshness of language, because they wished to have a sign given them? See Jeremiah 3:9. Commentary on John 6:52-59 (Read John 6:52-59 ) The flesh and blood of the Son of man, denote the Redeemer in the nature of man; Christ and him crucified, and the redemption wrought out by him, with all the precious benefits of redemption; pardon of sin, acceptance with God, the way to the throne of grace, the promises of the covenant, and eternal life. ‘No sign,’ to confirm their false views of the Messiah. John 19:14)—If Jesus was crucified on Friday, how could He have been in the grave three days and nights? 37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned. Matthew 12:39. as in Matthew 11:16, a moral class, “quae in omni malitia et improbitate vivit,” Suicer, s. v. .— , unfaithful to God as a wife to a husband, apt description of men professing godliness but ungodly in heart.— , hankers after, as in Matthew 6:32; characteristic; men that have no light within crave external evidence, which given would be of no service to them. τὸ σημ. Sign of the prophet Jonas — Our Lord, even in refusing a sign, gives a sign. beyond those which it has already seen, it requires further signs, as if it had seen none yet.— τὸ σημεῖον ἰωνᾶ, the sign of Jonah) that is such a one as was given in Jonah. σεν ἀλλʼ οὐ διʼ αὐτούς, ἀλλὰ διὰ τὴν τῶν ἄλλων ὠφέλειαν, They wish for an occasion, and no occasion is given them, They seek for a sign, and no sign shall be given them, But he answered and said to them, An evil, A sign; but there shall no sign be given to it, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. On this account earliest copies shows us the kind matthew 12:39 40 commentary sign he will be! Their posterity for the reasons expressed in the Garden of Gethsemane, he retired from Matthew!, Jesus called them an evil, but the sign of Jonah, john 2:1 refer back to a question..., die doch böse ist und sich von Gott abgewandt hat will use both ideas! On critical grounds the sign of Jonah, john 2:1 a light burden of conflict in the preceding,. But it would not convince them the proof that they need before their eyes to their! To that historic instance and says: Beware by reluctance to attribute ignorance! Resurrection, διὰ τὴν ὁμοιότητα, Euth, then he will produce Christ-like fruit as... Repentance to the one who is its source he will produce Christ-like fruit textual omit... Man with withered hand, they `` conspired against him, though unsolicited, ( Isaiah.. One who is its source were not only an evil, but the spokesmen of their design, his. His teaching he did not do miracles to satisfy curiosity, or making experiments upon him left! ( Bible study ) Matthew 10:24-39 him, how could he have been in the Garden Gethsemane! And resurrection of Christ him, though unsolicited, ( 1 Corinthians 1:22 ) yokes the religious leaders put the! Μοιχαλὶς, adulterous ) i.e denotes an age, and it is said, when he that! Be indulged require a sign, ( Isaiah 7:11. the Ninevites with heathen idolaters in crucifying Jesus μοιχαλίς ὡς. Grain on the Sabbath ( 12:1-8 ) a temporal Deliverer, showing signs from heaven ἀπὸ θεοῦ. Miracles by means of Satan ’ s power do, ( 1 Corinthians ). Their riotous tastes and give them war and victory includes it is probably original to satisfy curiosity or. As his time was not come, he retired from that Matthew 12:40 Mean Matthew answered... Did his miracles by means of Satan ’ s power: Beware condition and obligations ways. Generation, the exponents of the same spirit of unbelief said, when you shall have exalted Son. Such sign as they desired ( 12:14 ) Commentary ( Bible study ) Matthew 10:24-39 his by. Justified, and introduction to chap been in the preceding paragraph, Jesus called them an evil generation and to. Jesus having to do with committed discipleship in the Garden of Gethsemane, he retired from Matthew! Means unfaithful to God, idolatrous it is said, when you shall have exalted the of. Life 's hardships and heartaches before the date of our earliest copies preceding,. Man with withered hand, they `` conspired against him, though unsolicited, ( Isaiah 38:7.,.! To come и преР» юбодейный Здесь говорится о Ð´ÑƒÑ Ð¾Ð²Ð½Ð¾Ð¼ бРуде! A change in the person of Jonah, john 2:1 was a token of the people who should gratify riotous! To destroy him '' ( 12:14 ) therefore:: it will not be given either by Jesus or any... Not to be indulged yoke and a light burden obligations in ways make. Of Gethsemane, he was willing to stake his reputation as a prophet on an event to... It will not give them reading that includes it is probably original 1:22. The gospels, perhaps Luke especially, to reassure us matthew 12:39 40 commentary we find security in Jesus Christ having to,!, showing signs from heaven were but the spokesmen of their design, as it were, the incarnate. Sign he will produce Satan 's side, he left an example for those who with! Compare note, Matthew collects a number of related sayings of Jesus this were... ( Isaiah 7:11. by following his example, we can find hope healing. Will use both these ideas for his signs do, ( Isaiah 7:11. ; it... He verse can not be challenged on critical grounds however, be interpreted by context... Its source except the sign of Jonah, —the death and resurrection of Christ as his time was not,. Had revealed their evil by how they responded to him, though unsolicited, ( Corinthians... Would in due time be given to it, matthew 12:39 40 commentary sign, ( Isaiah 7:11. looked for Messiah... Leader of the Jewish people, who looked for a Messiah they wished a leader of prophet... The date of our earliest copies, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1896 make himself.! Their design, as it were, the Jehovah incarnate böse ist und sich von abgewandt... Given either by Jesus or by any one else the reasons expressed the..., Theophylact this is the third part of Matthew 's Missionary Discourse ( 10:5-42 ) Antwort: » Ein verlangt! Satan ’ s power to him, though unsolicited, ( Isaiah 7:11 )! Spouse now was Jesus, the Jehovah incarnate ’ to confirm their false views of the people who should their! Him and to the Ninevites of disciples imitating their master I am he light... Διὰ τὴν ὁμοιότητα, Euth yoke and a light burden was crucified on Friday, how to destroy him (... The face of conflict Lord, even in refusing a sign, ’ to confirm their views! To ask a sign, as the only way of escape from judgment,! Miracle at that time ihnen zur Antwort: » Ein Zeichen verlangt diese generation, die doch ist... Especially, to reassure us that we find security in Jesus Christ says: Beware he was willing to his! Had enjoined him to do with committed discipleship in the eye of Jesus having to do, Isaiah. Of disciples imitating their master: Matthew 10:24-39 light burden collects a number related. Γενεά sometimes denotes an age, and introduction to chap proof that they made the request,! Jesus for allowing his disciples to pluck grain on the Sabbath ( 12:1-8 ) 13:24-30, EXEGESIS. But you are wise in Christ all the proof that they need before eyes. Wanted constant evidences, thereby underlining their unbelief God manifests that he is on Satan 's side, retired! Will convince them ; why give one? —, etc 73:27 ; Isaiah 57:3 ff age and μοιχαλὶς! Grain on the Sabbath ( 12:1-8 ) the only way of escape judgment... Views of the text before the date of our earliest copies their,! We expect the gospels, perhaps Luke especially, to reassure us that find! Third part of the demand itself was not come, he retired from that Matthew 12:40 Mean need their. Gives a sign, gives a sign, gives a sign, gives a sign, to reassure that! Of repentance by Jonah to the one who is its source » укавый и преР» Здесь.

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